Travelling to Patras

By plane
Patras airport is located on the military base of Araxos (IATA code:
GPA), some 50 kilometres to the west, but this receives only limited Ryanair
flights and seasonal charter flights from various locations in Europe. For
regular flights, Patras is served by Athens International Airport, some 250
kilometres to the east.
There used to be a floatplane company, Air Sea Lines, operating DHC 6 de
Havilland Twin Otters,however they have gone out of business

By boat
Patras is linked by ferry to the Italian ports of (south to north) Brindisi, Bari,
Ancona and Venice, with numerous sailings daily year-round. Service to
Trieste has been reintroduced recently. Patra also has daily ferries that leave
from the old port and go to Kefalonia island and Ithica island.The Italian ferries
go to the New Port which is about 4 kilometers from the city center. There is a
bus (tickets cost 1.10 Euro)from the port to the main bus terminal and city
center however it is sporadic and has no fixed time table. There is a taxi stand
at the new port.

By road
Patras, located in the northeastern corner of the Peloponnese is connected to
Athens by road via Corinth on the 8a National Road (corresponding to the
E65 and E94 European Routes. To the south, Patras is connected by road to
Amalias, Pyrgos and Olympia and further to Kalamata. The construction of a
new bridge linking Rion (on the Peloponnese) to Antirrion (on the Central
Greek mainland) has been in operation since 2004 and carries the E55
European route, linking Patras with points in Central Greece and Epirus (and
onward to Albania) including the port of Igoumenitsa.
Bus Near to the old port port and main station lies the intercity bus station Taxi

 

Patras history

History
Antiquity
The first traces of settlement in Patras date to as early as the third millennium
BC, in the area of modern Aroe. Patras flourished for the first time in the Post-
Helladic or Mycenean period (1580–11). Ancient Patras was formed by the
unification of three Mycenaean villages in modern Aroe; namely Antheia (from
mythological Antheia) and Mesatis. Mythology has it that after the Dorian
invasion, a group of Achaeans from Laconia led by the eponymous Patreus
established a colony. In antiquity Patras remained a farming city. It was in
Roman times that it became an important port.

After 280 BC and prior to the Roman occupation of Greece, Patras played a
significant role in the foundation of the second "Achaean League" (Achaiki
Sympoliteia), along with the cities of Dyme, Triteia and Pharai. Later on, and
following the Roman occupation of Greece in 146 BC, Patras played a key
role, and Augustus refounded the city as a Roman colony in the area. In
addition, Patras has been a Christian centre since the early days of
Christianity, and it is the city where Saint Andrew was crucified.
Middle Ages and early modern
In the Byzantine era Patras continued to be an important port as well as an
industrial centre.
In 1205 the city was captured by William of Champlitte and Villehardouin, and
became a part of the principality of Achaea. It became the seat of the Barony
of Patras, and its Latin archbishop primate of the principality. In 1408, Patras
became Venetian, until it was recaptured in 1430 by the Despotate of Morea
and its despot Constantine Palaiologos, who thus succeeded in recovering for
the Byzantine Empire the whole of the Morea, apart from Venetian
possessions. The administration of Patras was given to George Sphrantzes,
while Constantine was immediately contested by the Ottoman Empire and
later, in 1449, became emperor of the Byzantine empire.
Patras remained a part of the Despotate of Morea until 1458, when it was
conquered by the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmet II. Under the
Ottomans, it was known as Baliabadra, from the Greek “Palia Patra ("Old
Patras").
Modern era
Patras was one of the first cities in which the Greek Revolution began in 1821,
but the Ottomans confined to the citadel, held out until 1828. Finally the city
was surrendered on 7 October 1828 to the French expeditionary force in the
Peloponnese, under the command of General Maison.. After the war, most of
the city and its buildings were completely destroyed. The new city was
planned under the supervision of Stamatis Voulgaris after orders by Ioannis
Kapodistrias.
Patras developed quickly into the second-largest urban centre in late-19th-
century Greece. [10] The city benefited from its role as the main export port for
the agricultural produce of the Peloponnese. [11]
In the early 20th century, Patras developed fast and became the first Greek
city to introduce public streetlights and electrified tramways. [12] The war effort
necessitated by the first World War hampered the city's development and also
created uncontrollable urban sprawl after the influx of displaced persons from
Asia Minor after the 1922 population exchange between Greece and Turkey.
In the Second World War the city was a major target of Italian air raids. In the
Axis occupation period, a German military command was established and
German and Italian troops stationed in the city. After the liberation in October

1944, the city grew fast to recover, but in later years was increasingly
overshadowed by the urban pole of Athens.

Patras city

Patras is Greece third-largest city and the regional capital of Western
Greece, in the northern Peloponnese, 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens. The
city is built at the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of
Patras.
Patras has a population of 215,000. The core settlement has a history
spanning for four millennia; in the Roman period it had become a
cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to the
Christian tradition, it was also the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom.
Dubbed as Greece's Gate to the West, Patras is a commercial hub, while its
busy port is a nodal point for trade and communication with Italy and the rest
of Western Europe. The city has two public universities and one
Technological Institute, hosting a large student population and rendering
Patras an important scientific centre with a field of excellence in technological
education. The Rio-Antirio bridge connects Patras' easternmost suburb of Rio
to the town of Antirrio, connecting the Peloponnese peninsula with mainland
Greece.
Every year, in February, the city hosts one of Europe's largest carnivals:
notable features of the Patras Carnival include its mammoth satirical floats
and balls and parades, enjoyed by hundreds of thousands of visitors in a
Mediterranean climate. Patras is also famous for supporting an indigenous
cultural scene active mainly in the performing arts and modern urban
literature.
It was European Capital of Culture in 2006.
Climate
Patras has a Mediterranean climate. It features the typical mild, wet winters
and hot, dry summers, with spring and autumn being pleasant transitional
seasons. Autumn in Patras, however, is wetter than spring.